DENGUE FEVER – 8 TIPS to SAFEGUARD During the Monsoon Season

Dengue

Contents hide
3 Here are 8 easy tips to help prevent dengue fever during the monsoon season:

Key Facts

  • Dengue, a viral infection, is caused by the dengue virus (DENV) and is primarily transmitted to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes
  • With an estimated 100-400 million infections occurring each year, approximately half of the world’s population is currently at risk of contracting dengue.
  • Dengue is prevalent in tropical and sub-tropical climates across the globe, primarily affecting urban and semi-urban areas.
  • While a significant number of dengue virus (DENV) infections may not exhibit symptoms or result in mild illness, there are instances where DENV can lead to more severe cases, and in rare cases, even fatalities.
  • Effective prevention and control of dengue heavily rely on measures targeting the control of disease-carrying mosquitoes. Unfortunately, there is no specific treatment available for dengue or severe dengue. However, early detection of the infection and prompt access to appropriate medical care play a crucial role in significantly reducing the fatality rates associated with severe dengue cases.

Overview

Dengue, also known as break-bone fever, is a viral infection transmitted to humans through mosquitoes. It is more prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions.

While many individuals infected with dengue may not experience any symptoms, those who do may encounter high fever, headache, body aches, nausea, and a rash. Fortunately, the majority of cases resolve within 1-2 weeks. However, severe dengue can occur, requiring hospital care.

In severe instances, dengue can be life-threatening. Hence, it is crucial to minimize the risk of mosquito bites, particularly during daytime hours.

Currently, there is no specific treatment for dengue, and management mainly involves alleviating pain with medication.

Symptoms

Dengue is a viral infection that affects individuals worldwide. While most people experience mild or no symptoms and recover within 1-2 weeks, there are instances where dengue can become severe and even result in death.

Symptoms of dengue typically appear 4-10 days after infection and can persist for 2-7 days. These symptoms may include:

  • High fever, often reaching 40°C/104°F
  • Intense headache
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Muscle and joint pains
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Swollen glands
  • Rash

It’s important to note that individuals who have previously been infected with dengue are at a higher risk of developing severe dengue if they contract the virus again.

Severe dengue symptoms often manifest after the fever subsides and may include:

  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Persistent vomiting
  • Rapid breathing
  • Bleeding gums or nosebleeds
  • Fatigue
  • Restlessness
  • Presence of blood in vomit or stool
  • Excessive thirst
  • Pale and cold skin
  • Weakness

If a person experiences these severe symptoms, it is crucial for them to seek medical care immediately.

Following recovery from dengue, individuals may feel fatigued for several weeks as their body recuperates from the infection.

It’s important to raise awareness about dengue, its symptoms, and the potential for severe complications. Taking preventive measures, such as controlling mosquito breeding sites and avoiding mosquito bites, can significantly reduce the risk of contracting dengue and developing severe symptoms.

Here are 8 easy tips to help prevent dengue fever during the monsoon season:

  1. Remove stagnant water: Dengue mosquitoes breed in stagnant water. Eliminate any stagnant water sources near your home, such as flower pots, old tires, birdbaths, or uncovered containers. Regularly change the water in vases and clean out water coolers.

  2. Use mosquito repellents: Apply mosquito repellents on exposed skin and clothing to deter mosquitoes. Use repellents containing DEET, picaridin, or lemon eucalyptus oil, as they are effective in repelling mosquitoes.

  3. Wear protective clothing: When going outdoors, especially during dawn and dusk when mosquitoes are most active, wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants, socks, and shoes to minimize exposed skin.

  4. Install window screens and use bed nets: Use window screens or mesh on doors and windows to prevent mosquitoes from entering your home. Sleep under bed nets if you don’t have screens or if you prefer added protection.

  5. Maintain a clean environment: Keep your surroundings clean and well-maintained. Trim bushes and vegetation near your home regularly as mosquitoes tend to hide in such areas. Dispose of garbage properly in covered bins to prevent mosquito breeding.

  6. Avoid outdoor activities during peak mosquito activity: Mosquitoes that transmit dengue are most active during early morning and late afternoon. If possible, limit your outdoor activities during these times to minimize your exposure to mosquitoes.

  7. Check for signs of dengue mosquito breeding: Regularly inspect your premises for potential mosquito breeding sites. Look for signs of larvae in water containers, gutters, or any other areas where water can accumulate. If you find any, empty the water or treat it with larvicides.

  8. Spread awareness: Educate your family, friends, and neighbors about dengue prevention measures. Encourage them to follow these tips and take necessary precautions to reduce the risk of dengue fever.

Remember, dengue prevention is a collective effort, so it’s essential to stay vigilant and implement these measures consistently.

1 thought on “DENGUE FEVER – 8 TIPS to SAFEGUARD During the Monsoon Season”

Leave a Comment